Convergence for Social Democracy (Equatorial Guinea)

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Convergence for Social Democracy

Convergencia Para la Democracia Social
PresidentSantiago Obama Ndong
Secretary-GeneralAndres Esono Ondo
Founded1990 (1990)
HeadquartersC/ Tres de Agosto, 72, 2º 1, Malabo, Equatorial Guinea
NewspaperLa Verdad
IdeologyDemocratic socialism
Social democracy
Political positionCentre-left
International affiliationSocialist International
Progressive Alliance
Chamber of Deputies
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Website Edit this at Wikidata

Convergence for Social Democracy (Spanish: Convergencia para la Democracia Social, CPDS) is the only opposition party in Equatorial Guinea with parliamentary representation.


The CPDS is headed by a President and a Secretary-General, who are currently Santiago Obama Ndong and Andres Esono Ondo, respectively. The Secretary-General is defined as the leader of the party, while the President is assigned the role of a moderator.[1]


After operating clandestinely and publishing its newspaper La Verdad ("The Truth") in the early 1990s, the CPDS applied for legal recognition in November 1992 and was given legal recognition in February 1993. The party was led and founded by Secundino Oyono Edú-Aguong. The CPDS attributed this recognition to international pressure.[1]

In December 1994, the CPDS held its Constitutive Congress in Bata. The Congress chose Plácido Micó Abogo as Secretary-General at the head of an Executive Commission. The party held its Second National Congress in Bata in February 2001; Plácido Micó Abogo was again chosen as Secretary-General. The Third National Congress, held in Bata in February 2005, again chose Plácido Micó Abogo as Secretary-General and elected a National Executive Commission.[1]

Plácido Micó Abogo was the only CPDS candidate to win a seat in the 1999 legislative election.[1] The party's candidate in the December 2002 presidential election was Celestino Bonifacio Bacalé, who withdrew from the election along with other opposition candidates due to alleged fraud and intimidation[2][3] but remained on the ballot and won 2.2% of the vote; President Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo of the Democratic Party of Equatorial Guinea won 97.1%.

In the April 2004 parliamentary election, the party won two seats in the 100-member Chamber of People's Representatives, with CPDS candidates Plácido Micó Abogo and Bacalé winning seats from Malabo.[1] In the May 2008 parliamentary election, it won one out of 100 seats;[4][5] this seat was won by Plácido Micó Abogo.[5]

Although the Convergence is a legally recognized party, its members are regularly detained and/or tortured by police.[citation needed] The CPDS acquired a radio station in August 2008 and began broadcasting from it in September. The police raided the CPDS headquarters on 13 September 2008, searching for the party's radio transmitter, although the police reportedly failed to find the transmitter and only seized electoral campaign material.[6]

The CPDS is a full member of the Socialist International.[7]

Electoral history[edit]

Presidential elections[edit]

Election Party candidate Votes % Result
2002 Celestino Bonifacio Bacalé 4,570 2.17% Lost Red XN
2009 Plácido Micó Abogo 9,700 3.57% Lost Red XN

Chamber of Deputies elections[edit]

Election Party leader Votes % Seats +/– Position Government
1999 Plácido Micó Abogo 9,735 5.30%
1 / 80
Increase 1 Increase 3rd Opposition
2004 12,202 6.03%
2 / 100
Increase 1 Steady 3rd Opposition
1 / 100
Decrease 1 Steady 3rd Opposition
2013 Andres Esono Ondo
1 / 100
Steady Increase 2nd Opposition
2017 2.23%

(as part of Together We Can)

0 / 100
Decrease 1 Decrease 3rd Extra-parliamentary

Senate elections[edit]

Election Party leader Votes % Seats +/– Position Government
2013 Andres Esono Ondo
1 / 70
Increase 1 Increase 2nd Opposition
2017 2.23%

(as part of Together We Can)

0 / 70
Decrease 1 Decrease 3rd Extra-parliamentary


15 members of the Senate are appointed by the President


External links[edit]