Toomsboro, Georgia

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Toomsboro, Georgia
Location in Wilkinson County and the state of Georgia
Location in Wilkinson County and the state of Georgia
Coordinates: 32°49′32″N 83°5′0″W / 32.82556°N 83.08333°W / 32.82556; -83.08333Coordinates: 32°49′32″N 83°5′0″W / 32.82556°N 83.08333°W / 32.82556; -83.08333
CountryUnited States
 • Total1.86 sq mi (4.82 km2)
 • Land1.86 sq mi (4.82 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
233 ft (71 m)
 • Total472
 • Estimate 
 • Density261.01/sq mi (100.79/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
Area code(s)478
FIPS code13-76952[3]
GNIS feature ID0324226[4]

Toomsboro is a town in Wilkinson County, Georgia, United States. The population was 472 at the 2010 census.


Toomsboro was founded when the Central of Georgia Railway was extended to that point. Its railroad terminal was built in 1869.[5]

On August 30, 1871, Matthew Deason, a white man, and his black mistress whose name is not known were lynched in Toomsboro by members of the Ku Klux Klan. Deason, a former Confederate soldier, was the elected sheriff of Wilkinson County. It was the first documented lynching of a black woman in Georgia after the Civil War.[6][7]

The Georgia General Assembly incorporated Toomsboro as a town in 1904.[8] The community is named for 18th-century Georgia politician Robert Toombs.[9]

Freedom, Georgia[edit]

David Bumgardner, a developer who bought properties at auction, intended to turn the property he owned into a quaint tourist destination. In April 2012, Bumgardner and Bill Lucado, who also owned property, announced they were seeking a buyer for the properties by advertising "Toomsboro for sale" although the existing community of Toomsboro maintains its own identity.[10] They suggested a movie production company might be interested in using Toomsboro as a film set.[11] In September 2018, 36 pieces of property over 40 acres (16 ha) went up for sale for an asking price of $1.7 million, with an eye toward a preservation-minded buyer "who appreciates its history".[12] In the aftermath of the murder of Ahmaud Arbery in 2020, 19 families cooperatively bought 96.71 acres (39.14 ha) of land in Toomsboro to establish a Black community "where all Black people feel safe without fear of being murdered for who they are".[13][14] The Freedom Georgia Initiative promotes the new community as Freedom, Georgia.[10]


Toomsboro is located at 32°49′32″N 83°5′0″W / 32.82556°N 83.08333°W / 32.82556; -83.08333 (32.825423, -83.083196).[15]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 1.9 square miles (4.9 km2), all land.


Historical population
Census Pop.
2019 (est.)486[2]3.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[16]

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 622 people, 209 households, and 146 families residing in the town. The population density was 333.9 people per square mile (129.1/km2). There were 252 housing units at an average density of 135.3 per square mile (52.3/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 45.02% White, 53.70% African American, 0.80% from other races, and 0.48% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.80% of the population.

There were 209 households, out of which 30.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.2% were married couples living together, 26.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.7% were non-families. 28.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 3.32.

In the town, the population was spread out, with 25.1% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 24.4% from 25 to 44, 20.1% from 45 to 64, and 22.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 77.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 71.3 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $26,250, and the median income for a family was $36,250. Males had a median income of $27,321 versus $23,250 for females. The per capita income for the town was $13,679. About 15.6% of families and 22.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.0% of those under age 18 and 24.0% of those age 65 or over.


  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 9, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  3. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. ^ Caldwell, Wilber W. (2001). The Courthouse and the Depot: The Architecture of Hope in an Age of Despair. Mercer University Press. p. 71. ISBN 9780865547483.
  6. ^ Feimster, Crystal N. Southern Horrors: Women and the Politics of Rape and Lynching. (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2009). page 160.
  7. ^ Editors (September 15, 1871) Untitled. Wisconsin State Journal.
  8. ^ Acts and Resolutons of the General Assembly of the State of Georgia. State printer. 1904. p. 674.
  9. ^ Krakow, Kenneth K. (1975). Georgia Place-Names: Their History and Origins (PDF). Macon, GA: Winship Press. p. 229. ISBN 0-915430-00-2.
  10. ^ a b Arnold, Jeff (2020-09-15). "Black-Owned Town Named Freedom Could Be Reality TV Series". Atlanta, GA Patch. Retrieved 2020-09-17.
  11. ^ "Developer looking to sell Georgia town". The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Associated Press. April 30, 2012.
  12. ^ Dreier, Natalie. "Georgia town for sale for the cost of a NYC luxury apartment". The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Cox Media Group National Content Desk.
  13. ^ "19 Families Purchased Over 90 Acres of Land In GA To Create A City Safe For Black People". BOTWC.
  14. ^ Kirkland, Pamela (September 12, 2020). "19 families buy nearly 97 acres of land in Georgia to create a city safe for Black people". CNN. Retrieved 2020-09-12.
  15. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  16. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved June 4, 2015.